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'''Lillian Florence Hellman''' (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She was blacklisted after her appearance before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) at the height of the Second Red Scare|anti-communist campaigns of 1947–52. Although she continued to Broadway theatre|work on Broadway in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a drop in her income. Many praised Hellman for refusing to answer questions by HUAC, but others believed, despite her denial, that she had belonged to the Communist Party. As a playwright, Hellman had many successes on Broadway, including ''Watch on the Rhine (play)|Watch on the Rhine'', ''The Autumn Garden'', ''Toys in the Attic (play)|Toys in the Attic'', ''Another Part of the Forest'', ''The Children's Hour...
Birth nameLillian Florence Hellman
Birth date{{Birth date|1905|6|20}}
Birth placeNew Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Death date{{death date and age|1984|6|30|1905|6|20}}
Death placeOak Bluffs, Massachusetts, U.S.
OccupationPlaywright, writer
NationalityAmerican
SpouseArthur Kober
(married 1925–1932)
PartnerSamuel Dashiell Hammett (1931–1961)
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